Start seeds indoors, 8–10 weeks before last frost date.
Once seedlings have four leaves, transplant to 4″ pots and grow at 60–70°F during the day and 50–60°F at night, ideally.
Choose a location with well-draining, fertile soil (pH 6.0–7.0) and full sun. Artichokes are heavy feeders. If you haven’t already, prepare soil with amendments/compost based on soil needs.*
Transplant seedlings 2–3 feet apart in rows 4–6 feet apart. Water in well.
Cold Treatment: Time transplanting so plants receive at least 10 days of 45–50°F. If this isn’t an option, start bringing the plants outdoors when temperatures are above 32°F.
If summers are particularly hot, mulch plants thickly with straw to keep the soil cool.
Harvest mature buds by clipping a couple inches below the bud on the stem.