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how to grow artichokes

How to Grow Artichokes as Annuals

Most people are surprised to learn that you can grow artichokes in most climates, even our Zone 4. However, there are a few tips and tricks to ensure success!
Latin Name Cynara scolymus
Days to Maturity 85
Life Cycle Annual
Light Full sun
FertilizationHeavy feeder
SpacingWidth: 2–3'


  • Artichoke Seeds
  • Trays/Pots
  • Soilless Mix
  • Soil Amendments *


  • Start seeds indoors, 8–10 weeks before last frost date.
  • Once seedlings have four leaves, transplant to 4″ pots and grow at 60–70°F during the day and 50–60°F at night, ideally.
  • Choose a location with well-draining, fertile soil (pH 6.0–7.0) and full sun. Artichokes are heavy feeders. If you haven’t already, prepare soil with amendments/compost based on soil needs.*
  • Transplant seedlings 2–3 feet apart in rows 4–6 feet apart. Water in well.
  • Cold Treatment: Time transplanting so plants receive at least 10 days of 45–50°F. If this isn’t an option, start bringing the plants outdoors when temperatures are above 32°F.
  • If summers are particularly hot, mulch plants thickly with straw to keep the soil cool.
  • Harvest mature buds by clipping a couple inches below the bud on the stem.


*We suggest amending your soil based on your individual soil’s unique needs. We usually apply fertilizer and compost prior to planting. If you’d like to see exactly how we fertilize our soil organically (and how you can too), grab our free guide here OR by scrolling to the top of this blog post and sign up. It has lists and links to exact products.
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